The history of roulette is an illustrious one that goes all the way back to 17th century France, when the roulette wheel was invented by Blaise Pascal after he attempted to build a perpetual motion device.
It is believed that roulette was developed from roly-poly, ace of hearts, reiner and E.O – all English games, as well as certain Italian board games and the French game of roulette.
The setting for the first modern game played was in Paris in 1796 when La Roulette, a novel by Jaque Lablee, described roulette as Palais Royal.
The single roulette wheel was first introduced by Louis and Francois Blanc in Germany in 1843; while in 1886, Hoyle’s gambling book included an American roulette wheel with the numbers 1 to 28 as well as a single and double zero together with an American eagle.
During the course of the 19th century, the popularity of roulette spanned both Europe and the United States of America.
When Germany outlawed roulette, the Blanc’s moved on to Monte Carlo where they then established the still existing gambling mecca. Roulette is still often referred to as the King of Casino Games as it is the game associated with the upper crust of Monte Carlo gambling venues.
In the States, the game became even more popular throughout the western frontier as it was simplified and used on tables to prevent cheating. Both the French and the American versions of the game are based on various variants. The American version of the game is considered the more popular of the games for its faced-paced style of gaming. The double zero version of the game progressed through from Mississippi up to New Orleans and also westwards. Due to the rampant cheating that occurred throughout the region, the roulette wheel was then placed on top of the playing table as a means to prevent devices from being hidden in the wheel or on the table; the betting layout was also then simplified.